FH in Dune wrote: Jessica recoiled, fearing she would become lost in an ocean of oneness. Still, the corridor remained, revealing to Jessica that the Fremen culture was far older than she had suspected.
There had been Fremen on Poritrin, she saw, a people grown soft with an easy planet, fair game for Imperial raiders to harvest and plant human colonies on Bela Tegeuse and Salusa Secundus.
Oh, the wailing Jessica sensed in that parting.
Far down the corridor, an image-voice screamed: "They denied us the Hajj!"
Jessica saw the slave cribs on Bela Tegeuse down that inner corridor, saw the weeding out and the selecting that spread men to Rossak and Harmonthep. Scenes of brutal ferocity opened to her like the petals of a terrible flower. And she saw the thread of the past carried by Sayyadina after Sayyadina—first by word of mouth, hidden in the sand chanteys, then refined through their own Reverend Mothers with the discovery of the poison drug on Rossak...and now developed to subtle strength on Arrakis in the discovery of the Water of Life.
Far down the inner corridor, another voice screamed: "Never to forgive! Never to forget!"
The Terminologist wrote:HAJJ: holy journey.
The Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca that devout Muslims are expected to attempt at least once during their lives, begins in a few days, and reminded of this quote in Dune
, I've been wondering what this practice would mean in terms of the background story and to future space colonization in the real world.
In the Duniverse, does this quote not mean that until they were "harvested", the Fremen still engaged in the practice of Hajj? (And if not, how then could they have been "denied" it?) What would have been the destination of their pilgrimage? Mecca on Old Earth? Some "New Mecca" on some "New Earth"? (There were at least two new "Muhammeds", after all; maybe they had their own Meccas?)
In real world terms, will this practice prevent devout Muslims from participating in long-term colonization voyages (as on generation ships) that will by their nature be one-way and therefore prevent generations from fulfilling the quasi-obligation "to goon on pilgrimage"? (Didn't someone post a link to a news story about Muslims in space? Was that here or over on Dearly Departed 'Keen?)
I'm glad someone posted about this, since this was one of the parts that really grabbed me the last time I read Dune. I think it was one of those layers I never fully understood until that particular reading. As you all know, Frank's work has a tendency to do this.
Anyway, I think the Hajj that these Fremen slaves are wailing about must have been a severely evolved version of Islam. Were Fremen not the descendants of the Zensunni Wanderers? Perhaps wandering from one planet to another was part of the Hajj. Think about it. Sunni says "make a pilgrimage to Mecca." Zen says "make a pilgrimage to anywhere you want."
And I'm thinking that all of this Bela Tegeuse stuff happened long after the two Muhammeds (you're referring to the second and third Islamic movements, or whatever it was called, correct?). After this slave crib business, I'm thinking that was when Zensunnis were no longer Zensunnis, and instead had become Fremen.
Amazing though, how Frank can give us a few sentences on the subject and say so much with it, covering so much history.